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You are in:   Home > Permanent exhibition > Transició

Transició


Moving from the 19th to the 20th Century

In the regions of Tarragona, the artists that lived through the turn of the century, while mainly following academic steps in painting, began new tendencies and crossed new boundaries in sculpture.

 
Josep Tapiró (Reus 1836 – Tànger 1913)
Josep Tapiró, Noia italiana

Colleague and friend of Marià Fortuny, he was trained in his city of birth and later in Barcelona and Madrid. Later he lived in Rome for a long period of time. He accompanied Fortuny on a trip to Morocco, a country that seduced him into moving there in 1874. His work has been recognised with awards in national and international competitions and is displayed in great museums and public and private collections all over the world.

 
Josep Sancho Piqué (Marçà 1872-1959)
Josep Sancho Piqué, Les Gràcies

Trained at the Llotje School in Barcelona, he painted landscapes and portraits, as well as publicity posters to promote tourism in the city of Tarragona. He combined creation with teaching and in 1916 he inaugurated an Art School in Carrer de la Unió in the city of Tarragona, which stayed open until the 1930s.

 
Josep Nogué Massó (Santa Coloma de Queralt 1880- Huelva 1973)
José Nogué Massó, El Calvario de Sagunto

He was trained at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid, completed his studies at the Spanish School of Rome and lived in Italy until 1923, when he moved to Jaen as a professor of drawing; he was also a teacher in Madrid and at the School of Arts and Crafts in Barcelona.

His work, framed within realist lines, is notable for great technical skill and special attention to the effects of light.

 
Antoni Torres Fuster (Tarragona 1874- Barcelona 1945)
Antoni Torres Fuster, Paisatge

His training began at the Tarragona Working Class Association and culminated at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid. He spent long periods of time living in Madrid. In addition to landscapes, his paintings of typically Spanish bailaoras (dancers) and cantaores (singers) are particularly noteworthy. The art historian, Francesc Fontbona, says that he painted an ideal of feminine beauty close to modernist symbolism.

 
Josep Cañas (Banyeres del Penedès 1905 – 2001)
Josep Cañas, Maternitat distreta

Trained at the School of Arts and Crafts of Vilanova i la Geltrú. In 1947, due to an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in Madrid, the Institute of Hispanic Culture acquired a relief from him to be installed in the Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo, California, and he went to assist with the installation. It was then that he discovered Mexico and its indigenous richness; for seven years he brought the different races of the country into his drawings and sculptures. This work has received wide international recognition.

 
Josep Pujol Montané (Torredembarra 1893 – 1978)
Josep Pujol Montané, Ós

Trained at the Llotja School of Barcelona, he moved to Paris in 1912 where he lived and worked until 1915. His creative arena is the world of animals and his best work is produced when he simplifies shapes, reducing their volumes to the essential features.

 
Santiago Costa (Móra d’Ebre 1895- 1984)
Santiago Costa, Tennista

Cousin of Julio Antonio, he studied at the Llotje School in Barcelona and later collaborated with his cousin, from whom he received the classicist influence and realist treatment, in his initial period. Between 1919 and 1925 he produced a series of works in South America before returning to Madrid.

His work starts from the block concept with significant integration into cubic space. His dominant characteristic is strength and detained movement. He also cultivated his painting of landscapes and popular scenes.