Diputació de Tarragona

MAMT Virtual

Learning through play

Logo MAMT Pedagògic


You can find us at:

You are in:   Home > Permanent exhibition > Bronze Nu > The Busts of the Race

The Busts of the Race

The Busts of the Race are part of a series of sculptures in pursuit of Julio Antonio’s goal of sculpting representatives of the people: anonymous men and women, considered essential pillars of the race according to the ideas shared by most of the members of the Generation of 98, in particular his writer friends Ramón Gómez de la Serna and Eugenio Noel. This has led some scholars to state that Julio Antonio personified the ideals of this generation more than any other sculptor. Ideals of regeneration which enabled them to overcome the defeatism
into which Spain had sunk at the turn of the century.

Julio Antonio set off on a journey around Spain to find models, accompanied by Miquel Viladrich. He was seeking direct contact with the reality of the country, characters who could go beyond
their individuality to become an eternal present.

In 1909 he produced Minera de Puertollano, Rosa María, Mujer de Castilla, Ventero de Peñalsordo, and the following year, Hombre de la Mancha and Minero de Almadén.

The precendent for all these pieces was María la gitana, amante que fue del Pernales, and the epilogue was the portrait of the poet Lasso de la Vega; Two personal portrayals of two characters who have their own story but at the same time transmit all the symbolism of the Busts of the Race.

In 1914 Julio Antonio spent a stay in Ávila and in the Guadarrama hills in order to get back to work on the series of the Busts of the Race, and to recover his health somewhat. From this period we have: Moza de Aldea del Rey, Ávila de los Caballeros, Cabrero de las tierras de Zamora and El Novicio.


» Go to The Projection of the Artist 1910-1915